Contenido principal del artículo

La espectroscopia de impedancia eléctrica (EIE) es una técnica que permite analizar las propiedades eléctricas de materiales, incluso biológicos, al inducir señales eléctricas alternas a diferentes frecuencias y medir las señales de respuesta. Se ha utilizado para determinar la madurez en frutos, identificar adulteraciones en productos cárnicos y lácteos, determinar propiedades físico-químicas en todo tipo de matrices alimentarias e incluso para cuantificar microorganismos presentes en alimentos y en superficies de trabajo. Esta técnica es segura, no invasiva, rápida, portátil, de bajo costo y fácil de usar; lo que la convierte en un método con un gran potencial ser usado en la industria de alimentos para monitorear y controlar los procesos de calidad. La presente revisión sistemática recopila información científica publicada entre el año 2012 y 2018 que describe el uso EIE aplicada al control de calidad de alimentos. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos ScienceDirect, Springer y también en el buscador Google académico mediante la estrategia: Spectroscopy electrical impedance AND Foods. Aplicando una serie de filtros y una búsqueda manual se encontraron 53 artículos y una tesis relacionados con la temática. Se encontró que la mayoría de los estudios se centran en la evaluación de calidad de productos cárnicos y pesqueros, así como en la caracterización de los cambios generados durante los procesos térmicos y maduración de frutas.

Agroindustria, alimentos procesados, control de alimentos, tejidos animles, tejidos vegetales
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