Contenido principal del artículo

El mercado de la fresa en el departamento de Cundinamarca (Colombia) se rige principalmente por el tamaño del fruto, sin valorar su estado de maduración ni su calidad nutricional, desaprovechando su potencial organoléptico y nutritivo. Por esta razón, se determinaron las diferencias fisicoquímicas en frutos de siete variedades de fresa:   Albión,   Dulce   Ana,   Lucía,   Monterrey, Ruby June, Sabrina y Ventana, cultivadas en el municipio de Sibaté, Cundinamarca. Se analizaron frutos recolectados en un predio productivo en condiciones homogéneas de manejo, en seis estados de madurez, determinados por su grado de pigmentación roja, de acuerdo con la Norma Técnica Colombiana NTC 4103. Se evaluaron peso fresco,   tamaño,   color,   firmeza,   sólidos   solubles   totales, acidez total titulable, e índices de madurez. y de respiración. En los estados 4, 2 y 3, los frutos desarrollaron su mayor tamaño y peso, y se destacó la variedad Dulce Ana. Los valores más altos en el índice de color se encontraron en el estado de madurez 5, en especial en la variedad Ventana. Las mayores firmezas se registraron en los estados 4 y 5 en Monterrey y Ventana. Sabrina, Dulce Ana y Monterrey acumularon la mayor concentración de sólidos solubles totales, y las dos últimas mostraron la mejor relación de madurez. Las tasas de respiración aumentaron con la maduración, sobre todo a partir del estado 3. Los resultados sugieren que los puntos óptimos para la comercialización y el consumo son los estados 3 y 4, debido al mayor índice de madurez y peso del fruto. Entre las variedades estudiadas, Monterrey sobresale por sus mayores firmeza e índice de madurez.

Calidad de los alimentos, Cundinamaca (Colombia), Fragaria ananassa, madurez, propiedades fisicoquímicas
Fischer, G., López-Valencia, D., Sánchez-Gómez, M., & Acuña-Caita, J. F. (2018). Propiedades fisicoquímicas de siete variedades destacadas de fresa (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) cultivadas en Cundinamarca (Colombia), durante su maduración. Ciencia & Tecnología Agropecuaria, 19(1), 163-178. https://doi.org/10.21930/rcta.vol19_num1_art:848

Bagdasarian J. H. (2012). U. S. Patent No. PP22, 472 P3. Washington, DC, USA: Patent and Trademark Office.

Cordenunsi, B. R., Oliveira do Nascimento, J. R., Genovese, M. I., & Lajolo, F. M. (2002). Influence of cultivar on qua-lity parameters and chemical composition of strawberry fruits grown in Brazil. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50(9), 2581-2586. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011421i

Fischer, G., Almanza-Merchán, P. J., & Ramírez, F. (2012). Source-sink relationships in fruit species. A review. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas, 6(2), 238-253. https://doi.org/10.17584/rcch.2012v6i2.1980

Fischer, G., Ramírez, F., & Almanza-Merchán, P. J. (2012). Inducción floral, floración y desarrollo del fruto. In G. Fischer (Ed.). Manual para el cultivo de frutales en el trópico(pp. 120-140). Bogotá, Colombia: Produmedios.

Forney, C. F., Kalt, W., McDonald, J. E., & Jordan, M. A. (1998). Changes in strawberry fruit quality during ripe-ning on and off the plant. Acta Horticulturae, 464, 506. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.464.98

Goulas, V., & Manganaris, G. A. (2011). The effect of pos-tharvest ripening on strawberry bioactive composition and antioxidant potential. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91(10), 1907-1914. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4406

Grijalba, C. M., Pérez-Trujillo, M. M., Ruiz, D., & Ferrucho, A. M. (2015). Strawberry yields with high-tunnel and open-field cultivations and the relationship with vege-tative and reproductive plant characteristics. Agronomía Colombiana, 33(2), 147-154. https://doi.org/10.15446/agron.colomb.v33n2.52000

Haig BJ. 2013. Patent application USA No. 20150128318. Strawberry plant named 'Lucia'. Washington, D.C., USA: United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Halvorsen, B. L., Carlsen, M. H., Phillips, K. M., Bøhn, S. K., Holte, K., Jacobs, D. R., & Blomhoff, R. (2006). Content of redox-active compounds (ie. antioxidants) in foods consumed in the United States. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 84(1), 95-135. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/84.1.95

Hancock, J. F. (1999). Strawberries. Wallingford, Reino Unido: Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience Internatio-nal (cabi).

Herrera, A. A. (2010). Poscosecha de perecederos: prácticas de laboratorio. Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Instituto Colombiano de Normas Técnicas y Certificación (Icontec). (1997). Frutas frescas. Fresa variedad Chandler. Especificaciones. Norma Técnica Colombiana ntc 4103. Bogotá, Colombia: Icontec.

Kader, A. A. (1991). Quality and its maintenance in relation to postharvest physiolog y of strawberry. In A. Dale & J. J. Luby (Eds.). The Strawberry into the 21st (pp. 145-152). Portland, usa: Timber Press.

Kader, A. A. (1999). Fruit maturity, ripening, and quality relationships. Acta Horticulturae, 485, 203-208.Kader, A. A. (2002). Postharvest biolog y and technolog y: an overview. In A. A. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1999.485.27

Kader (Ed.). Postharvest technolog y of horticultural crops (3a ed., pp. 39-47). Oakland, usa: University of California.

Kafkas, E., Koşar, M., Paydaş, S., Kafkas, S., & Başer, K. H. C. (2007). Quality characteristics of strawberry genotypes at different maturation stages. Food Chemistry, 100(3), 1229-1236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.005

Kallio, H., Hakala, M., Pelkkikangas, A. M., & Lapveteläi-nen, A. (2000). Sugars and acids of strawberries varieties. European Food Research and Technolog y, 212(1), 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170000244

Kays, S. J. (1991). Postharvest physiolog y of perishable plant products. New York, usa: Van Nostrand Reinhold. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-8255-3

Kays, S. J. (2004). Postharvest biolog y. Athens, usa: Exon Press.

Koh, T. H., & Melton, L. D. (2002). Ripening-related changes in cell wall polysaccharides of strawberry cortical and pith tissues. Postharvest Biolog y and Technolog y, 26(1), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(02)00003-0

Larson, K. D., & Shaw, D. V. (2003). US patent No. PP13, 469 P3. Strawberry plant named 'Ventana'. Washington, D.C., usa: United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Mazza, G., & Miniati, E. (1993). Anthocyanins in fruits, vegetables and grains. Boca Raton, usa: crc Press.

Ménager, I., Jost, M., & Aubert, C. (2004). Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of strawberry (cv. Cigaline) during maturation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52(5), 1248-1254. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350919

Moing, A., Renaud, C., Gaudillère, M., Raymond, P., Rou-deillac, P., & Denoyes-Rothan, B. (2001). Biochemical changes during fruit development of four strawberry cultivars. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 126(4), 394-403. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.126.4.394

Morvai, M., Molnár-Perl, I., & Knausz, D. (1991). Simultaneous gas-liquid chromatographic determination of sugars and organic acids as trimethylsilyl derivatives in vegetables and strawberries. Journal of Chromatography A, 552, 337-344. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)95950-3

Nielsen, S. S. (2009). Food analysis laboratory manual (2a ed.). New York, usa: Springer.

Nunes, M. C. N. (2008). Soft fruits and berries. In M. C. N. Nunes (Ed.). Color atlas of postharvest quality of fruits and vegetables (pp. 175-185). Ames, usa: John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780813802947

Nunes, M. C. N., Morais, A. M., Brecht, J. K., & Sargent, S. A. (2002). Fruit maturity and storage temperature influence response of strawberry to controlled atmospheres. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127(5), 836-842. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.127.5.836

Nunes, M. C. N., Brecht, J. K., Morais, A. M., & Sargent, S. A. (2006). Physicochemical changes during strawberry development in the field compared with those that occur in harvested fruit during storage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86(2), 180-190. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2314

Ogiwara, I., Habutsu, S., Hakoda, N., & Shimura, I. (1998). Soluble sugar content in fruit of nine wild and forty-one cultivated strawberries. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science, 67(3), 406-412. https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.67.406

Olmue Colombia. (2010). Oportunidad frutícola de Colombia. Mango, piña y fresa [PowerPoint slideshow]. Retrieved from: http://www.asohofrucol.com.co/archivos/biblioteca/biblioteca_184_Oportunidad%20Frut%C3%AD-cola%20de%20Colombia.pdf

Paliyath, G., Murr, D. P., Handa, A. K., & Lurie, S. (2008). Postharvest biolog y and technolog y of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. New York, usa: Wiley-Blackwell.

Perkins Veazie, P. (1995). Growth and ripening of strawberry fruit. Horticultural Reviews, 17, 267-297. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470650585.ch8

Pierron, D. A. (2012). US patent No. PP22506 P3. Strawbe-rry plant named 'Sabrina'. Washington, D.C., usa: United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Pineli, L., Moretti, C., Dos Santos, M., Campos, A., Brasileiro, A., Córdova, A., & Chiarello, M. (2011). Antioxidants and other chemical and physical characteristics of two strawberry cultivars at different ripeness stages. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 24(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2010.05.004

Priya, M., Prabha, N., & Tharanathan, N. (1996). Post-har-vest biochemical changes associated with the softening phenomenon in Capsicum annuum fruits. Phytochemistry, 42(4), 961-966. https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(96)00057-X

Rahman, M. M., Moniruzzaman, M., Ahmad, M. R., Sarker, B. C., & Alam, M. K. (2016). Maturity stages affect the postharvest quality and shelf-life of fruits of strawberry genotypes growing in subtropical regions. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 15(1), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2014.05.002

Red de Información y Comunicación del Sector Agrope-cuario (Agronet). (2016). Producto: fresa [Database]. Retrieved from http://www.agronet.gov.co/estadistica/Paginas/default.aspx.

Reid, M. S. (2002). Maturation and maturity indices. In A. A. Kader (Ed.). Postharvest technolog y of horticultural crops (3aed., pp. 55-62). Oakland, usa: University of California.

Ruiz, R., & Piedrahíta, W. (2012). Fresa (Fragaria x ananassa). In G. Fischer (Ed.). Manual para el cultivo de frutales en el trópico (pp. 474-495). Bogotá, Colombia: Produmedios.

Salamat, R., Ghassemzadeh, H. R., Heris, S. S. S., & Hajilou, J. (2013). Determination of appropriate harvesting time for strawberry to enhance its flavor index and reduce bruising susceptibility. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 4(8), 1969-1977.

Salunkhe, D. K., Bolin, H. R., & Reddy, N. R. (1991). Sto-rage, processing and nutritional quality of fresh fruits and vegetables: Vol. I. Fresh fruits and vegetables (2a ed.). Boca Raton, usa: crc Press.

Seymour, G., Taylor, J., & Tucker, G. (1993). Biochemistry of fruit ripening. London, United Kingdom: Chapman and Hall. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1584-1

Shaw, D. V. (1988). Genotypic variation and genotypic correlations for sugars and organic acids of strawberries. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 113(5), 770-774.

Shaw, D. V., & Larson, K. D. (2006). US patent No. PP16,228 P3. Strawberry named 'Albion'. Washington, D.C., usa: United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Shaw, D. V., & Larson, K. D. (2009). US patent No. PP19,767 P2. Strawberry plant named 'Monterey'. Washington, D.C., usa: United States Patent and Trademark Office.

Skupień, K. (2003). Estimation of chosen quality traits of fresh and frozen fruit of six strawberry cultivars. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus 2(2), 115-123.

Sturm, K., Koron, D., & Stampar, F. (2003). The composition of fruit of different strawberry varieties depending on maturity stage. Food Chemistry, 83(3), 417-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00124-9

Vicente, A. R., Martínez, G. A., Civello, P. M., & Chaves, A. R. (2002). Quality of heat-treated strawberry fruit during refrigerated storage. Postharvest Biolog y and Technolog y, 25(1), 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(01)00142-9

Vignoni, L. A., Césari, R. M., Forte, M., & Mirábile, M. L. (2006). Determinación de índice de color en ajo picado. Información Tecnológica, 17(6), 63-67. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-07642006000600011

Wang S. Y. (2007). Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of berry fruits as affected by genotype, preharvest conditions, maturity, and postharvest handling. In Zhao Y. (Ed.). Berry fruit value-added products for health promotion (pp. 147-186). Boca Raton, usa: crc Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420006148.ch5

Wills, R., McGlasson, B., Graham, D., & Joyce, D. (2007). Postharvest: An introduction to the physiolog y and handling of fruit, vegetables and ornamentals (5a ed.). Wallingford, United Kingdom: Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (cabi). https://doi.org/10.1079/9781845932275.0013

Xie, Z., Fan, J., Charles, M. T., Charlebois, D., Khanizadeh, S., Rolland, ... & Zhang, Z. (2016). Preharvest ultraviolet-C irradiation: Influence on physicochemical parameters associated with strawberry fruit quality. Plant Physiolog y and Biochemistry, 108, 337-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.07.026

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Metricas

Cargando métricas ...

Metricas alternativas PLUMX

Detalles del artículo