Contenido principal del artículo

En este ensayo se analiza la contribución de la ‘ecología del paisaje’ al conocimiento de la dinámica espacial de los organismos con énfasis en el área de la entomología aplicada. Esta es una disciplina de investigación relativamente nueva en la ecología que estudia el efecto de la estructura de los paisajes sobre la abundancia y distribución de los organismos; también se define como el estudio del efecto de los patrones espaciales y temporales sobre los procesos ecológicos. Los términos ‘estructura’ y ‘patrones’ involucran el concepto de ‘heterogeneidad espacial’, características abordadas con una serie de técnicas nuevas como modelos e índices espaciales. Estos avances pueden contribuir a entender la dinámica espacial y temporal de los insectos en los agroecosistemas y complementar los enfoques actuales de investigación y manejo de problemas fitosanitarios. El objetivo de este artículo es estimular en los gremios académicos y de investigación la discusión sobre las perspectivas de la aplicación de la ecología del paisaje en el área de la entomología aplicada.

 

 

Ecología del paisaje, Entomología aplicada, Agroecosistemas, Heterogeneidad ambiental, Insectos plaga

Elizabeth Aguilera Garramuño, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia)

Investigadora master principal, Grupo de Manejo Integrado de Plagas, Centro de Investigación Tibaitatá

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