Coccidology. The study of scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea)

Publicado
2009-01-09
Sección
Sanidad vegetal y protección de cultivos
  • Takumasa Kondo CORPOICA
  • Penny J. Gullan University of California, One Shields avenue, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A.
  • Douglas J. Williams The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, U.K.

Resumen

A brief introduction to the science of coccidology, and a synopsis of the history, advances and challenges in this field of study are discussed. The changes in coccidology since the publication of the Systema Naturae by Carolus Linnaeus 250 years ago are briefly reviewed. The economic importance, the phylogenetic relationships and the application of DNA barcoding to scale insect identification are also considered in the discussion section. 

 

 

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Biografía del autor

Takumasa Kondo, CORPOICA

Entomologist Ph.D. Corporación Colombiana de
Investigación Agropecuaria, C.I. Palmira.

Penny J. Gullan, University of California, One Shields avenue, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A.
Entomologist Ph.D.
Douglas J. Williams, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, U.K.
Entomologist Ph.D. Department of Entomology.

Citas

Agounké D, Agricola U, Bokonon-Ganta HA. 1988. Rastrococcus invadens Williams (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), a serious exotic pest of fruit trees and other plants in West Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research 78:695-702.

Baker JR. 1994. Insect and Related Pests of Flowers and Foliage Plants: Some Important, Common and Potential Pests in the Southeastern United States. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, Raleigh, NC. 106 p.

Ben-Dov Y, Matile-Ferrero D. 1995. The identity of the mealybug taxa described by V.A. Signoret (Homoptera, Coccoidea, Pseudococcidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France-BSEF 100:241- 256.

Ben-Dov Y, Miller DR, Gibson GAP. 2006. ScaleNet: a database of the scale insects of the world. In: United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). http://www.sel.barc. usda.gov/scalenet/scalenet.htm.

Borisenko AV, Lim BK, Ivanova NV, Hanner RH, Hebert PDN. 2008. DNA barcoding in surveys of small mammal communities: a field study in Suriname. Molecular Ecology Resources 8(3): 471-479.

Breyn JP. 1731. Historia naturalis Cocci Radicum Tinctorii quod plonicum vulgo audit. Gedani, viii, 22 p. Buchner P. 1965. Endosymbiosis of Animals with Plant Microorganisms. New York, Interscience Publishers / John Wiley, 909 p.

Camargo JMF, Pedro SRM. 2002. Mutualistic Association between a tiny Amazonian stingless bee and a wax-producing scale insect. Biotropica 34(3): 446-451.

Chamberlin JC. 1923. A systematic monograph of the Tachardiinae or lac insects (Coccidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 14:147- 212.

Chang LWH, Miller CE. 1996. Pathway Risk Assessment. Pink mealybug from the Caribbean. In: USDA-APHIS, Planning and risk analysis systems, policy and program development, Washington DC, 61 p.

Cook LG, Gullan PJ, Trueman HE. 2002. A preliminary phylogeny of the scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) based on nuclear small-subunit ribosomal DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25(1): 43-52.

Culik MP, Martins DS, Ventura JA, Peronti ALBG, Gullan PJ, Kondo T. 2007. Coccidae, Pseudococcidae, Ortheziidae, and Monophlebidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Biota Neotropica 7(3): 61-65.

Deyrolle AME. 1875. Les collections entomologiques. La collection d’Héniptères de M. Signoret. Petites Nouvelles Entomologiques 121:483-484.

Donkin RA. 1977a. Spanish red - an ethnographical study of cochineal and the Opuntia cactus. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 67(5): 1-84.

Donkin RA. 1977b. The insect dyes of western and west-central Asia. Anthropos 72: 847- 880.

Downie DA, Gullan PJ. 2005. Phylogenetic congruence of mealybugs and their primary endosymbionts. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18(2): 315-324.

Ferris GF. 1957. A brief history of the study of the Coccoidea. Microentomology 22:39-57.

Foldi I. 2003. [Scale insects: Part 2.] Les cochenilles: 2ème Partie. (In French). Insectes (130): 27-30.

Gruwell ME, Morse GE, Normark BB. 2007. Phylogenetic congruence of armored scale insects (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and their primary endosymbionts from the phylum Bacteroidetes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44(1): 267-280.

Gruwell ME, Von Dohlen CD, Patch K, Normark BB. 2005. Preliminary PCR survey of bacteria associated with scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). In: Proceedings of the Xth International Symposium on Scale Insect Studies, 19th-23rd April 2004. p. 101-116.

Gullan PJ, Cook LG. 2007. Phylogeny and higher classification of the scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea). Zootaxa 1668: 413-425. In: Zhang ZQ, Shear WA (Eds.) Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa 1668: 1-766.

Gullan PJ, Cranston PS. 2005. The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. 3rd edition. Blackwell Publishing, 505 p.

Gullan PJ, Martin JH. 2003. Sternorrhyncha (jumping plant-lice, whiteflies, aphids and scale insects). In: Resh VH, Cardé RT. (eds), Encyclopedia of Insects. Amsterdam, Academic Press, p. 1079-1089.

Hardy NB, Gullan PJ, Hodgson CJ. 2008. A subfamily-level classification of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) based on integrated molecular and morphological data. Systematic Entomology 33(1): 51-71.

Harrison JWH. 1916. Coccidae and Aleyrodidae in Northumberland, Durham and North- East Yorkshire. The entomologist 49:172- 174.

Hebert PDN, Gregory TR. 2005. The promise of DNA barcoding for taxonomy. Systematic Biology 54(5): 852-859.

Hebert PDN, Penton EH, Burns JM, Janzen DH, Hallwachs W. 2004b. Ten species in one: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic species in the Neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(41): 14812-14817.

Hebert PDN, Stoeckle MY, Zemlak TS, Francis CM. 2004a. Identification of birds through DNA barcodes. PLoS Biology 2(10): 1657- 1663.

Heckroth HP, Fiala B, Gullan PJ, Idris AHJ, Maschwitz U. 1998. The soft scale (Coccidae) associates of Malaysian ant-plants. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14: 427-443.

Herren HR, Neuenschwander P. 1991. Biological Control of Cassava Pests in Africa. Annual Review of Entomology 36:257-283.

Hodgson C, Foldi I. 2006. A review of the Margarodidae sensu Morrison (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) and some related taxa based on the morphology of adult males. Zootaxa 1263:1-250.

Hodgson CJ, Gounari S. 2006. Morphology of Marchalina hellenica (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Marchalinidae) from Greece, with a discussion on the identity of M. causcasica Hadzibeyli from the Caucasus. Zootaxa 1196:1-32.

Hodgson CJ. 1994. The scale insect family Coccidae: an identification manual to genera. Wallingford, Oxon, UK. CAB International, 639 p.

Howard FW, Pemberton RW, Hodges GS, Steinberg B, McLean D, Liu H. 2006. Host plant range of lobate lac scale, Paratachardina lobata, in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 119:398-408.

Kamel AH, Afifi SA. 1970. A remarkable use for the scale insect Ceroplastes africanus Green in Egypt. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine106:32.

Kawai S. 1980. Scale insects of Japan in colors. (In Japanese). Tokyo. National Agricultural Education Association, 455 p.

Kipling WW, Rubinoff D. 2004. Myth of the molecule: DNA barcodes for species cannot replace morphology for identification and classification. Cladistics 20(1): 47-55.

Kondo T, Gullan PJ. 2007. Taxonomic review of the lac insect genus Paratachardina Balachowsky (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Kerriidae), with a revised key to genera of Kerriidae and description of two new species. Zootaxa 1617:1-41.

Kondo T. 2001. The Scale Insects of Colombia (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Biota Colombiana 2(1): 31-48.

Kosztarab M. 1990. 3.1.2 Economic Importance. 307-311. In: Rosen D. (Ed.) Armored Scale Insects, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Series title: World Crop Pests, vol. 4B. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 688 p.

Koteja J, Azar D. 2008. Scale insects from Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccinea). Alavesia 2:133-167.

Koteja J. 1974. Comparative studies on the labium in the Coccinea (Homoptera). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Rolniczej w Warszawie. Rozprawy Naukowe 89:1-162.

Koteja J. 2008. Xylococcidae and related groups (Hemiptera: Coccinea) from Baltic amber (In English; Summary in Polish). Prace Muzeum Ziemi 49:19-56.

Kunkel H. 1997. 1.2.3 Soft scales as beneficial insects. 1.2.3.1 Scale insect honeydew as forage for honey production. In: Ben-Dov Y, Hodgson CJ, (eds.), Soft Scale Insects - Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control, vol. 7A. Amsterdam & New York, Elsevier, p. 291-302.

Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomis I. Edirio Decima, Reformata. Cum Privilegio S:ae R:ae M:tis Sveciae. Holmiae, Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, 823 p.

Mahdihassan S. 1954. The natural history of lac as known to the Chinese: Li-Shih-Chen’s contribution to our knowledge of lac. Indian Journal of Entomology 16:309-326.

Miller DR, Miller GL, Hodges GS, Davidson JA. 2005. Introduced scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the United States and their impact on U.S. agriculture. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 107(1): 123-158.

Miller DR, Williams DJ, Hamon AB. 2001 (1999). Notes on a new mealybug (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) pest in Florida and the Caribbean: the papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink. Insecta Mundi 13:179-181.

Moran VC, Zimmermann HG. 1984. The biological control of cactus weeds: achievements and prospects. Biocontrol News and Information 5:297-320.

Normark BB. 2003. The evolution of alternative genetic systems in insects. Annual Review of Entomology 48:397-423.

Nur U. 1980. Evolution of unusual chromosome systems in scale insects (Coccoidea: Homoptera). In: Blackman RL, Hewitt GM, Ashburner M. (eds.), Insect Cytogenetics. London, Royal Entomological Society, p. 97-117.

Nur U, Brown SW, Beardsley JW. 1987. Evolution of chromosome number in mealybugs (Pseudococcidae: Homoptera). Genetica 74(1): 53-60.

Pérez Guerra G, Kosztarab M. 1992. Biosystematics of the family Dactylopiidae (Homoptera: Coccinea) with emphasis on the life cycle of Dactylopius coccus Costa. Bulletin of the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station 92-1:90 p.

Peronti ALBG, Miller DR, Sousa-Silva CR. 2001. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of ornamental pants from São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil. Insecta Mundi 15:247-255.

Qin TK. 1997. 1.2.3.2 The pela wax scale and commercial wax production. In: Ben-Dov Y, Hodgson CJ, (eds.), Soft Scale Insects: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control, vol. 7A. Amsterdam & New York, Elsevier, p. 303-321.

Réaumur de RAF. 1738. Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire des insectes, Tome quatriéme. Imprimerie Royale, Paris, xxxiv, 636 p.

Robison WG. 1977. Ultrastructure of Coccoidea sperm. Bulletin of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Research Division 127:35-50.

Robison WG. 1990. Sperm ultrastructure, behaviour, and evolution. In: Rosen D. (Ed), World Crop Pests, volume 4A, Armored Scale Insects: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 205-220.

Schroer S, Pemberton RW, Cook LG, Kondo T, Gullan PJ. 2008. The genetic diversity, relationships, and potential for biological control of the lobate lac scale, Paratachardina pseudolobata Kondo & Gullan (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Kerriidae). Biological Control 46(2): 256-266.

Šulc K. 1895. Studie o coccidech. I. (In Czech). Sitzungsberichte der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. Prague, 49:1-27.

Thao ML, Gullan PJ, Baumann P. 2002. Secondary (g-Proteobacteria) endosymbionts infect the primary (b-Proteobacteria) endosymbionts of mealybugs multiple times and coevolve with their hosts. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68(7): 3190-3197.

Thorpe WH. 1968. Orthezia cataphracta (Shaw) (Hem. Coccidae) feeding on a Basidiomycete fungus Collybia sp. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 103:155.

Tinsley JD. 1899. Contributions to coccidology. I. Canadian Entomologist 31:45-47.

Ueda S, Quek SP, Itioka T, Inamori K, Sato Y, Murase K, Itino T. 2008. An ancient tripartite symbiosis of plants, ants and scale insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 275(1649): 2319-2326.

Volchansky CR, Hoffmann JH, Zimmermann HG. 1999. Host-plant affinities of two biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae (Homoptera: Dactylopiidae): enhanced prospects for biological control of Opuntia stricta (Cactaceae) in South Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology 36(1): 85-91.

Von Dohlen CD, Kohler S, Allsop ST, McManus WR. 2001. Mealybug ß-proteobacterial endosymbionts contain y-proteobacterial symbionts. Nature (London) 412:433-436.

Williams DJ, Granara de Willink MC. 1992. Mealybugs of Central and South America. London, CAB International, 635 p.

Williams DJ. 2007. Carl Linnaeus and his scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Zootaxa 1668: 427-490. In: Zhang ZQ & Shear WA (Eds.). Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa 1668: 1-766.


Zhang ZQ, Shear WA (Eds). 2007. Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa 1668:1-766.

Most read articles by the same author(s)