Importancia de los recursos genéticos de la agrobiodiversidad en el desarrollo de sistemas de producción sostenibles

Mario Lobo A.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21930/rcta.vol9_num2_art:114

Desde la óptica de la diversidad genética, Colombia es un país megadiverso con variabilidad ecosistémica importante, la cual puede ser aprovechada para el desarrollo de sistemas de producción sostenibles, eficientes y competitivos. Esto implica, aparte de la conservación de los recursos genéticos estratégicos vegetales, animales y de microorganismos, conocer el potencial de esta agrobiodiversidad para su utilización amplia, con apoyo de procesos convencionales y de la biotecnología moderna, que permitan proveer alimentos y el desarrollo del concepto integral del manejo de agroecosistemas. Por ello, en la revisión actual se incluye una descripción de la importancia de la diversidad biológica agrícola, en el nuevo contexto mundial y la necesidad de realizar procesos de conocimiento de la variabilidad y los atributos presentes en ésta, para trasladar el recurso genético de valor de existencia a los de opción y utilización. 


 

Agroecosistemas; Biodiversidad; Domesticación De Plantas; Utilización De Los Recursos

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